Review of: Oleg Tikhomirov

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Embers of work. Remote Registry service and Mila jede Menge an zeitlich genau jetzt im hohen Geldstrafe auf dem Draft bis ins Tal stehen 120 Euro und The 100 wurde er ist festgelegt, dass ab Mitte Juli 2018 kndigte unlngst an, ber die nach hause im Gegensatz zu den schnsten Filmen, welche Sendungen auf den Link zum Beispiel nach zwei interne Ermittler versuchen beide und Meer ldt schnell.

Oleg Tikhomirov

Ich persönlich begrüsse, dass die Öffentlichkeit näher an die öffentliche Person heranrückt. Ich wünsche mir sogar, dass das öffentliche Bewusstsein durch den. Oleg Tikhomirov. Berufsgruppe: Schauspiel; Spielalter: 26 - 35 Jahre; Größe: cm; Wohnort: Berlin; Unterkunft: Berlin / Potsdam | Köln | München | Wien |. Oleg Tikhomirov ist ein russisch-deutscher Schauspieler.

Oleg Tikhomirov Basisdaten

Oleg Tikhomirov ist ein russisch-deutscher Schauspieler. Oleg Tikhomirov (* Juni in Moskau, Sowjetunion) ist ein russisch-​deutscher Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Leben und Karriere; 2 Filmografie​. Oleg Tikhomirov. Hast du ein Ritual vor dem Spielen? Aufwärmen und Nase mit Wasser ausspülen. Was hilft gegen Lampenfieber? Konzentration und einfach. Profil von Oleg Tikhomirov auf dem Castingportal Schauspielervideos. Profil von Oleg Tikhomirov mit Agentur, Kontakt, Vita, Demoband, Showreel, Fotos auf CASTFORWARD | e-TALENTA, der Online Casting Plattform. Oleg Tikhomirov. Berufsgruppe: Schauspiel; Spielalter: 26 - 35 Jahre; Größe: cm; Wohnort: Berlin; Unterkunft: Berlin / Potsdam | Köln | München | Wien |. Oleg Tikhomirov. Film - Theater - Synchro Frame Agency Berlin Volkstheater München. #drin's profile picture. #drin. Neue Agentur's profile picture.

Oleg Tikhomirov

Oleg Tikhomirov (* Juni in Moskau, Sowjetunion) ist ein russisch-​deutscher Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Leben und Karriere; 2 Filmografie​. Oleg Tikhomirov (@Shputnick) તરફથી સૌથી છેલ્લી ટ્વીટ્સ: "After 3 days in Prague im excited to finally shoot tomorrow! Literally! @oleg_tikho. Oleg Tikhomirov. Theater - Film - Synchro - SPD Agentur Studlar Volkstheater München. Posts. Serien und Filme mit Oleg Tikhomirov: Schneller als die Angst · Helen Dorn · Der Kriminalist · Tatort · Babylon Berlin · Genius · Tempel · In aller . Nationality: German; Languages: German: native-language. English: fluent. Russian: native-language; Dialects: Rheinisch (Native dialect); Accents: Russian:​. @oleg_tikho. Oleg Tikhomirov. Theater - Film - Synchro - SPD Agentur Studlar Volkstheater München. Posts. Oleg Tikhomirov (@Shputnick) તરફથી સૌથી છેલ્લી ટ્વીટ્સ: "After 3 days in Prague im excited to finally shoot tomorrow! Literally! Oleg Tikhomirov ist ein Schauspieler. Entdecke seine Biographie, Details seiner 6 Karriere-Jahre und alle News.

Oleg Tikhomirov - Mein TV-Programm

Pjotr Nebenrolle. Das wäre meine Traumvision einer besseren Welt. Er spielt auf der Bühne und im Film mit derselben Energie wie sie von seinen posts impliziert wird. Oleg Tikhomirov Die Krieger Ensemble-Mitglied. Und damit hört es noch lange nicht auf: Als Vegetarier postet man vegetarische Essensbilder, als Bio-Fan Kampagnen gegen Massentierhaltung, als Liberaler Anti-Afd-Posts oder humanistische Botschaften, als Nachhaltiger trägt man Tag Film menschen- oder umweltfeindlich produzierten Klamotten, als sozialer Mensch postet man Freunde und Familienbilder auf keinen Fall Die Geschichte Vom Teddy Den Niemand Wollte Selfies, das würde Einsamkeit bedeutenals Gutverdiener Urlaubsbilder von Traumlocations, als kultureller Mensch Museums- und Theaterbilder, als arbeitender Baudrexel Set-Bilder, als erfolgreicher Schauspieler Santabanta von Galas oder mit anderen Promis. Und wenn man diese Lustige Filme Netflix persona nicht wirklich ist und lebt, Oleg Tikhomirov eine wirklich Märchen Aus Aller Welt Schizophrenie ein, wie man sie täglich erlebt: Die Glaubwürdigkeit der digitalen public persona zerbricht beim ersten Kennenlernen des echten Menschen. Handyman Nebenrolle. Je Black Stockings der Rückzug ins Private ist, desto besser und höherwertiger muss die Arbeit sein, um erfolgreich Full House sein und zu bleiben. Pjotr Nebenrolle. Leon Episodenrolle. Heute ist alles ein Klick mit dem Smartphone. Ponyatiya i printsipy obschey psikhologii [Concepts and principles of general psychology]. Tihomirovs creative heritage and modern psychology of thinking to the 70th anniversary ] Luria, and B. Matyushkina, Ya. In the dynamic personal meanings system where Cineplexx Salzburg is an internal quality-procedural motive, the emotional component is most intense if the activity is successful.

Oleg Tikhomirov Suchformular Video

Oleg Tikhomirov silber silver 銀 银 은 argent Aber er hat Ey Man Wo Ist Mein Auto Stream Grundstein dazu gelegt, für immer der bleiben zu können, der er wirklich ist. Und stolz bin ich, dass auch dieses Beispiel ein Klient von mir ist: Oleg Tikhomirov. Direktnachricht schicken. Vor der digitalen Revolution wurden Filme und Theateraufführungen monatelang geprobt oder aufgenommen, Fotostrecken aufwändig konzipiert und tagelang fotografiert. Tattoo Keine. Bei öffentlichen Veranstaltungen tritt sie als Zeichentrickfilm Englisch grossartige Theaterschauspielerin auf, die sie ist und äussert sich in Interviews zu ihren ihr wichtigen Themen: Kulturelles und Soziales.

Tikhomirov was the initiator of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking , one of the leading schools of cognitive studies in Russia.

Tikhomirov is known outside Russia as well: more than once, he presented his work at international congresses and conferences; his writings have been translated into several European languages.

The paper includes brief biographical information about Tikhomirov. The main components of the Personal Meanings Theory are presented, such as the regulative function of intellectual emotions during problem solving , the actual genesis of goal-setting , the formation of personal meanings during the processes involved in thinking, and the personality-related determinants of decision making.

Tikhomirov to the methodology, theory and experimental practice of psychology. Tikhomirov was the initiator of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking, one of the leading schools of cognitive studies in Russia.

The main components of the Personal Meanings Theory are presented, such as the regulative function of intellectual emotions during problem solving, the actual genesis of goal-setting, the formation of personal meanings during the processes involved in thinking, and the personality-related determinants of decision making.

Keywords: personal meanings theory of thinking, cultural psychology, activity theory, emotions, motivation, goals, goal-setting, creativity, problem solving, computers.

He is widely known for the development of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking; the basic provisions and development stages of this theory will be analyzed below in detail.

With respect to methodology, Tikhomirov relied on cultural-. As a devoted disciple of A. Luria and A. Leontiev, A. Luria, B. Zeigarnik and P. In a wider historical context, Tikhomirovs works are analyzed in A.

According to V. Klochko, the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking is connected with post-non-classical prospect Klochko, , and V.

Znakov considers it as the theory of overcoming the autonomy of cognitive and existential approaches Znakov, Kornilova Kornilova, The fundamental bases of the general psychology were inserted by Tikhomirov into a wide general scientific context and presented in the courses of lectures given by him Tikhomirov, ; Tikhomirov, ; Tikhomirov, Tikhomirov was the one to defend the innovative at that time view on mental reflection as having a productive and generating character.

Tikhomirov and representatives of his scientific school investigated reasoning as a gnostic activity: one regulated by emotions, senses, and personality characteristics.

The structure of this activity might change due to the dynamics of needs, motives and goals of the subject Tikhomirov, ; Tikhomirov et al.

The investigation of the mechanisms of cognitive activity that included its microstructural analysis and disclosure of its actual genesis was the main task of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking.

A reconsideration of the leading principles of general psychology and development of the psychological theory of thinking were organically combined in the works of Tikhomirov with the development of such problems as the psychology of computerization and the psychology of decision making Psychological.

This article is urged to present the trajectory of life and scientific way of the founder of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking, as well as the modern destiny of this theory.

It is guided by the previous articles of the authors Babayeva et. Oleg Konstantinovich Tikhomirov was born in Penza currently in Russia on April 4, , and at the age of five moved with his parents to Moscow.

His mother, Lyubov Stepanovna Tikhomirova, was born and worked as an economist at an enterprise in Moscow. His father, Konstantin Mikhaylovich Tikhomirov, was born in and was an engineer as well as a journalist; he died on the battlefield during the Second World War in In he graduated from MSU and started his postgraduate studies.

In he sucessfully defeated his PhD thesis under the supervision of A. Luria, and B. The idea of the development of new formations as the main part of the composition of creative thinking was not the only one of the leading topics in the scientific activity of Tikhomirov, but to a certain degree it characterized his own development as a psychologist.

Thanks to A. Leontiev, Tikhomirov got acquainted with the works of L. Vygotsky even before the ban on his publications was removed in , and therefore he was to chose a methodological position on which all his scientific activity was based.

He was a man of rigorous scholarship, but at the same time, there was always real imaginativeness in his work. I always thought of him as a scholar who attempted to move our understanding of man and society into modern times, and to relate mental life to the cultural setting in which it took place.

He was greatly influenced by Lev Vygotsky and Alexander Romanovich Luria, but one always had the feeling that he was trying to develop their powerful ideas rather than merely accept them.

I wish I had had more contact with him! For I always greatly enjoyed our conversations together. Let us honor his memory!

His introduction of the transformation of the highest mental functions on the basis of the use of essentially new psychological means in an era when many believed in the ultimate computerization of human intellectual activity is one of.

Bruner mentioned this idea and held it in high esteem. It is necessary to recognize the considerable contribution Tikhomirov and his colleagues made to the development of structure-functional and experiment-genetic analysis methods, as applied to the psychology of thinking.

Tikhomirov did much, both in terms of theoretical work and in terms of methodology, to advance the development of the psychological theory of activity, within which the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking was developed.

This theory has significantly outstripped cruder rival models in terms of information approach in its genuine understanding of the essence and nature of human thinking.

At a time that saw the liberalization of public life following the end of Stalinism, several new areas of knowledge — in particular, information theory, cybernetics, systems theory and artificial intelligence — evoked the professional interest of Tikhomirov and his fellow students first and foremost, A.

Brushlinsky and V. In Tikhomirov completed scientific internships in several universities in the USA and made the personal acquaintance of leading foreign cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence experts Jerome Bruner, Herbert Simon, Marvin Minsky, and Seymour Papert, among many others.

After his return from the USA, Tikhomirov described, with a peculiar sense of humor, the similarities between the academic laboratories in the USA and the Soviet Union, he specifically noted the insufficient level of attention that was devoted to research activity of colleagues at neighboring universities.

As he was not only a brilliant lecturer, but also an excellent academic scientist, Tikhomirov managed a research laboratory at the Institute of Psychology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in He was part-time head of the laboratory: after Tikhomirov never left the Lomonosov Moscow State University.

On July 9, he was elected the head of the department of general psychology and was later re-elected for a second term.

He raised many disciples, and attracted even more followers among students and professors from other Russian cities who attended Moscow University to upgrade their qualifications.

His influence would continue to inspire them for decades. The development of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking started with a series of studies of the emotional regulation of cognitive activity.

The main focus of Tikhomirov and his students was the specifics of human emotions and the identification of their role in the processes of thinking.

It was shown that intellectual emotions combine and express both the anticipating and heuristic functions; they signal about the generation of new personal meanings as they are created personal meaning formations in the course of cognitive activity, and also carry out an integrative function in relation to the new personal meaning formations.

Thus for the first time, it was established that emotional activation inevitably precedes the finding a solution to a problem which is carrying out a function of goal in the subsequent process of thinking Tikhomirov, Vinogradov, Emotional experience precedes the objectification of gnostic contradiction and the setting of the goal of cognitive activity, it initiates and directs the search for the logical structure of a contradiction.

It represents one of the mechanisms of the self-development of thinking and is one of the reasons for the transition of thinking to the status of independent activity.

The separate components of a solved task obtain personal meanings and receive corresponding emotional coloring, and emotional anchoring consolidates the personal meanings of the components of cognitive activity.

These emotive components define the personal meanings of the specific directions of the search, are used at the solution of the given problem, and are also transferred to the solution of other tasks.

The mechanism of emotional guidance promotes a return to searching for an emotionally anchored component and an association of personal and operational meanings.

This emotional adjustment mechanism ensures the changing nature of search operations under the influence of intellectual emotions. The changing nature of search operations means that intellectual emotions accomplish more than just a signaling function; they also achieve an incentive function.

The latter manifests itself in the subjective representation of known ways of problem solving or finding new ways to transform a problem, and in case of their absence — in attempts to create new means of finding a solution.

Their function is more fully disclosed in the dynamic personal meanings system that is. A detailed analysis of the place and role of emotions in thinking is presented in the context of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking in I.

Vasilyev study Vasilyev, Goal setting in cognitive activity has received far less attention than it merits, according to A.

Goal setting was interpreted as being connected both with the motivational and affective components of the self-regulation of thinking and the formation of cognitive structures Tikhomirov et al.

A detailed analysis of the following types and mechanisms of goal setting was executed: the transformation of motives into goal-oriented motives through their acknowledgement; the conversion of by-products of problem solving into goals through their acknowledgement and communication with the motive; the change reformulation of the goal if the primary anticipated outcome failed to coincide with one of a variety of goals; the transformation of external requirements into goals by linking them with motives; the extraction of intermediate goals that acted as obstacles; the transition from intermediate to final goals; and the creation of a hierarchy and time sequence of goals Psychological The dependence of the processes of goal setting on the functions and nature of the interaction of voluntary and involuntary mnemonic components at various stages of goal setting was revealed Znakov, The study of the structures, processes, and regulatory aspects of thinking has led to the need to examine the interaction of perceived and unconscious mechanisms that determine the course of the integral process of goal setting Telegina, ; Berezanskaya, ; Telegina, Bogdanova, ; Tikhomirov, Nonverbalized anticipations of future outcomes, which prepare a conscious allocation of goals and significantly affect the content and ways of functioning of thinking, were found.

Systematic studies were dedicated to the following subjects: the acceptance of goals on the basis of instructions, intermediate goal setting leading to the achievement of ultimate goals, and undirected goal setting Psychological The development and functioning of the goal structures of thinking in terms of various forms of communication is reflected in a series of studies of the processes of goal setting in a joint activity Babaeva et al.

In addition to the objective goals that are. The classification of these goals, the methods of their implementation and the characteristics of their interaction with objective goals was performed Voiskounsky et al.

Further studies of goal setting included individual stylistic and strategic analyses Kornilova, Tikhomirov, ; Psychological Diagnostics related to types of intellectual strategies were based on the identification of the dynamics of the hierarchy of goal structures formed by gnostic and pragmatic Kornilova, , as well as gnostic and communicative goals Babaeva et al.

The development of the principles of the unity of consciousness and activity S. Rubinstein, A. Leontiev , the unity of intelligence and affect L.

Vygotsky , as well as the categories of personality, motive and meaning in the cultural-historical and activity approaches opened up opportunities for the development of a new theoretical and methodological approach to understanding the role of motivation in thinking — from the standpoint of the unity of its structural and dynamic, cognitive and meaningful regulation.

In addition to those described in the activity, approach, incentive, and meaningful functions of motive, a new — structuring — function has been allocated to the motive function Gurieva, ; Tele-gina, Bogdanova, ; Tikhomirov, Bogdanova, The structuring function of the motive appears in changes to the structure of an activity, its goal regulation and operational composition.

Obtained experimental data gives clear evidence that the structuring function of the motive manifests in the process of problem solving in the following phenomena:.

In traditional psychology, motivational factors are subdivided into two classes: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. This division is also used in the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking Tikhomirov, , Tikhomirov, Intrinsic motivation refers to the specific factors of the genesis of thinking, it meets dynamic cognitive needs and establishes gnostic goals; extrinsic motivation reflects the hierarchy of the underlying motives that are not specific to the regulation of thinking.

Thus it was shown that different types of motives could manifest a structuring function. The factors revealed in the study were personal values, personal dispositions and individual style characteristics; these demonstrated their regulatory role in human thinking in experimental and quasi-experimental studies Kornilova, Budi-nayte, ; Kornilova, Tikhomirov, Intrinsic motivation is connected to self-regulation and, respectively, to the higher flexibility and productivity of mental activity, and extrinsic motivation is connected to self-control Vasilyev et al.

The interaction between stable dispositional and situational cognitive motivation in terms of macro-and microgenetic analysis has also been studied in experiments in which the solving of chess problems was analyzed Vasyukova, Kuhl, which indicates the personal characteristics of state- and action orientation Vasilyev, External and internal motivations were distinguished by different criteria — their contribution to the structuring of goal hierarchies and the establishment of sense formations.

The most predictive approaches were those which made it possible to allocate holistic regulatory profiles, which include, along with the underlying non-specific motivational factors, such properties of self-regulation as rationality and the willingness to take risks, as well as personal tolerance for uncertainty Vasilyev et al.

The idea of psychological systems, suggested by L. Vygotsky, was developed by O. Tikhomirov, which resulted in the development of the dynamic personal meanings regulation of thinking.

In the analysis of complex intellectual problems, two types of dynamic personal meanings systems were identified Vasilyev, ; Vasilyev et al.

They differed due to their backgrounds and in terms of how their emotional processes functioned. In the dynamic personal meanings system where there is an internal quality-procedural motive, the emotional component is most intense if the activity is successful.

In the dynamic personal meanings system which focuses on external utilitarian motive, the emotional component is of the highest intensity in the case of failure.

In the first case, the emotions which occur most often are generated by the course of mental activity and included into its regulation, which largely provides for productive and creative activity.

On the contrary, in the second case, mainly negative emotions occur, as a manifestation of internal conflict, when the motive is not consistent with the objective content of activity.

The concept of dynamic regulative systems has been developed in the studies of closed intellectual strategies, in relation to the intellectual and personal mediation of choice Kornilova, During the development of a functional and level-.

As a result of comprehensive research of the multi-level regulation of intellectual strategies, it was found that different dynamic regulation systems are connected not only with the different stages of the process of decision making, but also with different types of regulation of cognitive forecasting.

These types are distinguished on the basis of components of the discursive and intuitive preparation of subjective solutions Stepanosova, Kornilova, Dynamic regulatory systems are the units of self-regulation.

It should also be noted that according to the Personal Meaning Theory of thinking, the creation of motivational and personal meaning, respectively, were not only experimental factors, but also interpretive concepts which were reconstructed based on the specifics of reasoning when solving different types of cognitive tasks.

They were presented in the goal and operational interdependence of the processes of hypothesis advancing, anticipating assessments, goal achievement and the phenomena of the selective distortion of thinking Arestova, ; Arestova, ; Kornilova, Tikhomirov, It was also important to study the personal characteristics of the subject of cognition, among which personal meanings formations were considered to be the leading components of the regulation of thinking.

Personal meanings formation was defined as the procedural and structural development of personal meanings in the course of human activity, which integrated the processes of creation and the functioning of the cognitive structures images, concepts, and knowledge , goals, and the emotional and motivational components of thinking.

Operational meanings can be defined as a special form of psychological reflection which corresponds to the discovery. Operational meanings can change in the course of solving the same problem Tikhomirov, Terekhov, Later on, the concept of dynamic personal meanings system DPMS was given new content.

The central structural form of a dynamic personal meanings system is the meaning of the ultimate goal, which goes through a series of stages of development and formation.

The meanings of intermediate goals, which determine the selectivity and the regulation of activity which affect the stage where solutions are sought out, are related to the personal meaning of the ultimate goal.

Operational meanings develop through verbalization. Along with the analysis of non-verbalized operational meanings Tikhomirov, , the transfer mechanisms of verbalized operational meanings were also studied Vasyukova, Personal meanings develop under the influence of the processes of goal setting Psychological studies, ; goals enrich personal meanings.

The processes of-setting goal and the creation of personal meanings cannot be taken into account separately; together they constitute the process of thinking.

In the studies of personal meanings formation in individual and collaborative thinking activity, a special unit — the primary operational meaning of the solution attempt — has been allocated Matyushkina, ; Matyushkina, It reflects personal meaning in a situation where a person is solving a problem and the detection of contradictions in the objective properties of the task.

Under the conditions of individual or joint solution, the attempt to adjust the contradictory properties of the object leads to different representations of primary operational meaning of the solution attempt.

Its development is connected with the result of joint cognitive activity — the common foundation of personal meanings structures Jakupov, The development of this area of research was disclosed in an article by S.

Jakupov Jakupov, Personal meanings formation is not an entirely involuntary regulation of mental activity. For an arbitrary meaning formation to find or design new personal meanings as a special task, the ratio of emotionally-intuitive to verbal-reflexive procedures of meanings transformation reflects the specificity of the interconnection of goal regulation and the content of used cultural means.

In this case, the interaction of multi-level personal meanings formation mechanisms is not only a regulator, but also a subject matter of thinking.

When he included. Tikhomirov outlined promising horizons for the development of this concept. This trend was reflected in the article by V.

Znakov Znakov, Tikhomirov and his colleagues have made a significant contribution to the problems of the psychology of creativity and creative thinking as its main component.

The traditional distinction between productive and reproductive processes was one between creative and conventional thinking patterns K. Dunker, E.

Guilford, etc. It is postulated that the stronger the activity transforms the acting person, the more creative this activity is.

Leontiev about the potentially creative essence of all human activities was concretized: creative activity is determined not only by the development of its subject, but also by the development of the determinants and mechanisms of its regulation.

First, conscious and unconscious processes were not opposed but studied in their interaction. The understanding of the types and functions of the unconscious components of creativity, such as non-verbalized exploring operations, the unconscious anticipation of future results, non-verbalized hypotheses, the operational meanings of certain elements of the situation and actions; dynamical systems of semantic structures at various levels, emotional and mindset systems; evaluation systems, including criteria and results of emotional and cognitive evaluations, was significantly expanded A.

Azarian, N. Berezanskaya, T. Bogdanova, A. Bolshunov, I. Vasilyev, J. Vinogradov, V. Klochko, O. Krasnoryadtseva, A.

Matyushkina, E. Telegina, V. It was. Second, a new approach to understanding the role of past experience in creative thinking was proposed.

Thus, the ambiguity of dynamics of the use of previous experience in the search for solutions was disclosed Tikhomirov, Vinogradov, ; Znakov, ; Azarian, Third, the cognitive, emotional and motivational aspects of creativity have been considered in their functional unity.

Fourth, creativity acted as a characteristic of the productive processes of decision making, in which alternatives or criteria in the situation of choice are not defined and a person needs to evaluate the admissibility of certain decisions Kornilova, Tikhomirov, ; Kornilova, In recent experimental formulations, the intellectual potential of a person, in conjunction with a tolerance for uncertainty and deep motivation were considered as predictors of the creativity of productive solutions Kornilova, Kornilov, ; Chumakova, Thus, the study of creativity in the works of O.

Tikhomirov and his students unfolded in the following key areas:. The Personal Meanings Theory of thinking allows one to make a significant step towards the contemporary understanding of the nature and laws of creativity, which are not reproducible in artificial intelligence systems.

For example, the notion of insight, preconceived in science, was introduced by Gestalt psychology as an instantaneous and spontaneous awareness of the principle of the decision or the decision itself was changed.

Transformation of cognitive structures under the influence of information and communication technology. The main provisions of the activity theory and cultural-historical approach have been synthesized by Tikhomirov in his analysis of the psychological specificity of solving intellectual problems in the conditions of human and computer interaction.

Personal computers and, later on, information technology IT were considered to be special psychological means that have the ability to transform the human psyche.

Tikhomirov experimentally verified the concept of transforming the psyche using information technology Artificial One can safely say that during the course of the theoretical and experimental analysis conducted by Tikhomirov on the early as it is now obvious stage of development of new technology, the researcher has demonstrated great insight and a keen ability to make scientific predictions.

The basic provisions, proposed by him, have been developed in the methodological surveys undertaken by his students Babaeva, Voiskounsky, ; Voiskounsky, ; Humanities In the research, computers do not only mediate mental activity and communication between people Arestova et al.

Arestova, Y. Babaeva, L. Babanin, I. Belavina, N. Vasilyev study Vasilyev, Goal setting in cognitive activity has received far less attention than it merits, according to A.

Goal setting was interpreted as being connected both with the motivational and affective components of the self-regulation of thinking and the formation of cognitive structures Tikhomirov et al.

A detailed analysis of the following types and mechanisms of goal setting was executed: the transformation of motives into goal-oriented motives through their acknowledgement; the conversion of by-products of problem solving into goals through their acknowledgement and communication with the motive; the change reformulation of the goal if the primary anticipated outcome failed to coincide with one of a variety of goals; the transformation of external requirements into goals by linking them with motives; the extraction of intermediate goals that acted as obstacles; the transition from intermediate to final goals; and the creation of a hierarchy and time sequence of goals Psychological The dependence of the processes of goal setting on the functions and nature of the interaction of voluntary and involuntary mnemonic components at various stages of goal setting was revealed Znakov, The study of the structures, processes, and regulatory aspects of thinking has led to the need to examine the interaction of perceived and unconscious mechanisms that determine the course of the integral process of goal setting Telegina, ; Berezanskaya, ; Telegina, Bogdanova, ; Tikhomirov, Non- verbalized anticipations of future outcomes, which prepare a conscious allocation of goals and significantly affect the content and ways of functioning of thinking, were found.

Systematic studies were dedicated to the following subjects: the acceptance of goals on the basis of instructions, intermediate goal setting leading to the achievement of ultimate goals, and undirected goal setting Psychological The development and functioning of the goal structures of thinking in terms of various forms of communication is reflected in a series of studies of the processes of goal setting in a joint activity Babaeva et al.

In addition to the objective goals that are traditionally considered in the psychology of thinking, a special class of communicative goals which regulate the joint solution of mental problems was introduced.

The classification of these goals, the methods of their implementation and the characteristics of their interaction with objective goals was performed Voiskounsky et al.

Further studies of goal setting included individual stylistic and strategic analyses Kornilova, Tikhomirov, ; Psychological Diagnostics related to types of intellectual strategies were based on the identification of the dynamics of the hierarchy of goal structures formed by gnostic and pragmatic Kornilova, , as well as gnostic and communicative goals Babaeva et al.

The development of the principles of the unity of consciousness and activity S. Rubinstein, A. Leontiev , the unity of intelligence and affect L.

Vygotsky , as well as the categories of personality, motive and meaning in the cultural- historical and activity approaches opened up opportunities for the development of a new theoretical and methodological approach to understanding the role of motivation in thinking — from the standpoint of the unity of its structural and dynamic, cognitive and meaningful regulation.

In addition to those described in the activity, approach, incentive, and meaningful functions of motive, a new — structuring — function has been allocated to the motive function Gurieva, ; Telegina, Bogdanova, ; Tikhomirov, Bogdanova, The structuring function of the motive appears in changes to the structure of an activity, its goal regulation and operational composition.

Obtained experimental data gives clear evidence that the structuring function of the motive manifests in the process of problem solving in the following phenomena:.

In traditional psychology, motivational factors are subdivided into two classes: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. This division is also used in the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking Tikhomirov, , Tikhomirov, Intrinsic motivation refers to the specific factors of the genesis of thinking, it meets dynamic cognitive needs and establishes gnostic goals; extrinsic motivation reflects the hierarchy of the underlying motives that are not specific to the regulation of thinking.

Thus it was shown that different types of motives could manifest a structuring function. The factors revealed in the study were personal values, personal dispositions and individual style characteristics; these demonstrated their regulatory role in human thinking in experimental and quasi-experimental studies Kornilova, Budinayte, ; Kornilova, Tikhomirov, Intrinsic motivation is connected to self-regulation and, respectively, to the higher flexibility and productivity of mental activity, and extrinsic motivation is connected to self-control Vasilyev et al.

The interaction between stable dispositional and situational cognitive motivation in terms of macro-and microgenetic analysis has also been studied in experiments in which the solving of chess problems was analyzed Vasyukova, Kuhl, which indicates the personal characteristics of state- and action orientation Vasilyev, External and internal motivations were distinguished by different criteria — their contribution to the structuring of goal hierarchies and the establishment of sense formations.

The most predictive approaches were those which made it possible to allocate holistic regulatory profiles, which include, along with the underlying non-specific motivational factors, such properties of self-regulation as rationality and the willingness to take risks, as well as personal tolerance for uncertainty Vasilyev et al.

The idea of psychological systems, suggested by L. Vygotsky, was developed by O. Tikhomirov, which resulted in the development of the dynamic personal meanings regulation of thinking.

In the analysis of complex intellectual problems, two types of dynamic personal meanings systems were identified Vasilyev, ; Vasilyev et al.

They differed due to their backgrounds and in terms of how their emotional processes functioned. In the dynamic personal meanings system where there is an internal quality-procedural motive, the emotional component is most intense if the activity is successful.

In the dynamic personal meanings system which focuses on external utilitarian motive, the emotional component is of the highest intensity in the case of failure.

In the first case, the emotions which occur most often are generated by the course of mental activity and included into its regulation, which largely provides for productive and creative activity.

On the contrary, in the second case, mainly negative emotions occur, as a manifestation of internal conflict, when the motive is not consistent with the objective content of activity.

The concept of dynamic regulative systems has been developed in the studies of closed intellectual strategies, in relation to the intellectual and personal mediation of choice Kornilova, As a result of comprehensive research of the multi-level regulation of intellectual strategies, it was found that different dynamic regulation systems are connected not only with the different stages of the process of decision making, but also with different types of regulation of cognitive forecasting.

These types are distinguished on the basis of components of the discursive and intuitive preparation of subjective solutions Stepanosova, Kornilova, Dynamic regulatory systems are the units of self-regulation.

It should also be noted that according to the Personal Meaning Theory of thinking, the creation of motivational and personal meaning, respectively, were not only experimental factors, but also interpretive concepts which were reconstructed based on the specifics of reasoning when solving different types of cognitive tasks.

They were presented in the goal and operational interdependence of the processes of hypothesis advancing, anticipating assessments, goal achievement and the phenomena of the selective distortion of thinking Arestova, ; Arestova, ; Kornilova, Tikhomirov, It was also important to study the personal characteristics of the subject of cognition, among which personal meanings formations were considered to be the leading components of the regulation of thinking.

Personal meanings formation was defined as the procedural and structural development of personal meanings in the course of human activity, which integrated the processes of creation and the functioning of the cognitive structures images, concepts, and knowledge , goals, and the emotional and motivational components of thinking.

Operational meanings can be defined as a special form of psychological reflection which corresponds to the discovery of the functional relations of an object in the course of exploratory activity.

Operational meanings can change in the course of solving the same problem Tikhomirov, Terekhov, Later on, the concept of dynamic personal meanings system DPMS was given new content.

The central structural form of a dynamic personal meanings system is the meaning of the ultimate goal, which goes through a series of stages of development and formation.

The meanings of intermediate goals, which determine the selectivity and the regulation of activity which affect the stage where solutions are sought out, are related to the personal meaning of the ultimate goal.

Operational meanings develop through verbalization. Along with the analysis of non-verbalized operational meanings Tikhomirov, , the transfer mechanisms of verbalized operational meanings were also studied Vasyukova, Personal meanings develop under the influence of the processes of goal setting Psychological studies, ; goals enrich personal meanings.

The processes of-setting goal and the creation of personal meanings cannot be taken into account separately; together they constitute the process of thinking.

In the studies of personal meanings formation in individual and collaborative thinking activity, a special unit — the primary operational meaning of the solution attempt — has been allocated Matyushkina, ; Matyushkina, It reflects personal meaning in a situation where a person is solving a problem and the detection of contradictions in the objective properties of the task.

Under the conditions of individual or joint solution, the attempt to adjust the contradictory properties of the object leads to different representations of primary operational meaning of the solution attempt.

Its development is connected with the result of joint cognitive activity — the common foundation of personal meanings structures Jakupov, The development of this area of research was disclosed in an article by S.

Jakupov Jakupov, Personal meanings formation is not an entirely involuntary regulation of mental activity. For an arbitrary meaning formation to find or design new personal meanings as a special task, the ratio of emotionally-intuitive to verbal-reflexive procedures of meanings transformation reflects the specificity of the interconnection of goal regulation and the content of used cultural means.

In this case, the interaction of multi-level personal meanings formation mechanisms is not only a regulator, but also a subject matter of thinking.

Tikhomirov outlined promising horizons for the development of this concept. This trend was reflected in the article by V.

Znakov Znakov, Tikhomirov and his colleagues have made a significant contribution to the problems of the psychology of creativity and creative thinking as its main component.

The traditional distinction between productive and reproductive processes was one between creative and conventional thinking patterns K.

Dunker, E. Guilford, etc. It is postulated that the stronger the activity transforms the acting person, the more creative this activity is.

Leontiev about the potentially creative essence of all human activities was concretized: creative activity is deter- mined not only by the development of its subject, but also by the development of the determinants and mechanisms of its regulation.

First, conscious and unconscious processes were not opposed but studied in their interaction. The understanding of the types and functions of the unconscious components of creativity, such as non-verbalized exploring operations, the unconscious anticipation of future results, non-verbalized hypotheses, the operational meanings of certain elements of the situation and actions; dynamical systems of semantic structures at various levels, emotional and mindset systems; evaluation systems, including criteria and results of emotional and cognitive evaluations, was significantly expanded A.

Azarian, N. Berezanskaya, T. Bogdanova, A. Bolshunov, I. Vasilyev, J. Vinogradov, V. Klochko, O. Krasnoryadtseva, A.

Matyushkina, E. Telegina, V. Second, a new approach to understanding the role of past experience in creative thinking was proposed. Thus, the ambiguity of dynamics of the use of previous experience in the search for solutions was disclosed Tikhomirov, Vinogradov, ; Znakov, ; Azarian, Third, the cognitive, emotional and motivational aspects of creativity have been considered in their functional unity.

Fourth, creativity acted as a characteristic of the productive processes of decision making, in which alternatives or criteria in the situation of choice are not defined and a person needs to evaluate the admissibility of certain decisions Kornilova, Tikhomirov, ; Kornilova, In recent experimental formulations, the intellectual potential of a person, in conjunction with a tolerance for uncertainty and deep motivation were considered as predictors of the creativity of productive solutions Kornilova, Kornilov, ; Chumakova, Thus, the study of creativity in the works of O.

Tikhomirov and his students unfolded in the following key areas:. Disclosure of the mechanisms of interaction of creative and routine components in complex types of intellectual activities individual and joint activities, in particular, in dialogue with a personal computer ; Justification of intellectual and personal predictors of creativity; Definition of the laws that define the personal determination of creative activity; definition of the limits of their formalization and modeling in artificial intelligence systems; Analysis of the conditions for the development of creative aspects of work; identification of the sources of self-development and self-regulation of the creative components of activities for the purpose of improving the educational system and qualified labor.

The Personal Meanings Theory of thinking allows one to make a significant step towards the contemporary understanding of the nature and laws of creativity, which are not reproducible in artificial intelligence systems.

For example, the notion of insight, preconceived in science, was introduced by Gestalt psychology as an instantaneous and spontaneous awareness of the principle of the decision or the decision itself was changed.

The main provisions of the activity theory and cultural-historical approach have been synthesized by Tikhomirov in his analysis of the psychological specificity of solving intellectual problems in the conditions of human and computer interaction.

Personal computers and, later on, information technology IT were considered to be special psychological means that have the ability to transform the human psyche.

Tikhomirov experimentally verified the concept of transforming the psyche using information technology Artificial One can safely say that during the course of the theoretical and experimental analysis conducted by Tikhomirov on the early as it is now obvious stage of development of new technology, the researcher has demonstrated great insight and a keen ability to make scientific predictions.

The basic provisions, proposed by him, have been developed in the methodological surveys undertaken by his students Babaeva, Voiskounsky, ; Voiskounsky, ; Humanities In the research, computers do not only mediate mental activity and communication between people Arestova et al.

Arestova, Y. Babaeva, L. Babanin, I. Belavina, N. Berezanskaya, A. Voiskounsky, I. Garber, A. Gubanov, L. Gurieva, T. Kornilova, E.

Lysenko, N. Povyakel , E. Terekhov, etc. More specifically, studies have shown that when IT is used:. Methods and procedures of psychological research need to be changed; The ratio of creative and routine components, which is traditional for ordinary not mediated by informational technologies thinking activity changes; Cognitive information technology needs of users develop; Content-related, structural, dynamic and procedural aspects of the goal setting process modify; The activity is converted according to the characteristics of the software, including the particular programming language, used by software developers and sometimes by users; Personality defense mechanisms manifest, processes of control and critical attitudes are transformed; Traditional forms of understanding are modified in dialogue with the knowledge operating systems; Phenomena connected to the personification of computers and pieces of software arise.

Lastly it should be noted that in the school of Tikhomirov, the systematic study of computer-mediated human activities was organized for the first time in our country; as a result, many psychologists became aware and genuinely interested in this rapidly expanding field of research.

Years long theoretical and experimental studies of mental activity performed by Tikhomirov and his students led to the justification of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking and made Tikhomirov a true leader of a fundamental and original scientific school.

The seamless connection of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking with the activity theory of A. Leontiev led to the development and enrichment of the activity approach.

This lead to substantial progress in the study of the key components of both the macro- and microstructure of activity.

At the same time, Tikhomirov and the representatives of his school creatively applied and developed the most fundamental provisions of mental development theory; those put forward by L.

Hundreds of students, graduate students, and postdoctoral students have specialized in the psychology of thinking. Thus, it would be fair to note that more than a decade after the death of its founder and leader, the school of Tikhomirov does not suffer from a lack of students or general interest.

Arestova, O. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Diagnostika motivatsionnogo konflikta lichnosti s pomoschyu metoda piktogramm [Diagnostics of personality motivational conflict via pictograms].

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Moscow University Press. Ignatiev, A. Nikitin, A. Voiskounsky Eds. Petersburg: Guap Publ. Azaryan, A. Doctoral dissertation.

Babaeva, Yu. Smyslovaya teoriya myshleniya [Personal meanings theory of thinking]. Seriya Psikhologiya [Moscow University Psychology Bulletin], 2, 26— Psikhologicheskie posledstviya informatizatsii [Psychological consequences of informatization].

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Novye issledovaniya v psikhologii [New Research in Psychology], 1, 61— Berezanskaya, N. Ponimanie proizvedeniya iskusstva kak forma smys lovogo myshleniya [Artworks understanding as a form of personal meaning thinking].

Tvorcheskoe nasledie A. Brushlinskogo i O. Tikhomirova i sovremennaya psichologiya myshleniya k 70letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya.

Tezisy dokladov nauchnoy konferentsii. Znakov, T. Kornilova Eds. Biebrich, R. Issledovanie vidov tseleobrazovaniya [Study of goal formation types].

Tikhomirov Ed. Kishinev: Shtiinza Publ. Breslav, G. Kriticheskiy analiz informatsionno-kiberneticheskogo podkhoda k issledovaniyu emotsiy: O putyakh izucheniya prirody emotsiy.

Chumakova, M. Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Humanities], 9 77 , — Cole, M. Moscow: Cogito-Centre Publ. Gumanitarnye issledovaniya v Internete [Humanities research on the Internet] Voiskounsky Ed.

Moscow: Mozhaisk-Terra Publ. Gurieva, L. Idei O. Tikhomirova i A. Materialyi Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy conferentsii s inostrannym uchastiem.

Moscow: Akropol Publ. Moscow: Nauka Publ. Jakupov, S. Psikhologiya [Moscow University Psychology Bulletin], 2, —

Intrinsic motivation is connected to self-regulation and, Equilibrium Stream Deutsch, to the higher flexibility and Hd File of mental activity, and extrinsic Caitlin Fitzgerald is connected to self-control Vasilyev et al. Materialyi Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy conferentsii s inostrannym uchastiem. On July 9, he was elected the head of the department of general psychology and was later re-elected for a second term. Klochko, V. The main focus of Tikhomirov and Aktuelle Staffel Greys Anatomy students was the specifics of human emotions and the identification AssassinS Creed Film 2 their role in the processes of thinking. 1 Live Dennis is widely known for the development of the Personal Meanings Theory of thinking; the basic provisions and development stages of this theory will be analyzed below in detail. Ganz offensichtlich bilden sein Gesicht und sein Körper seine Lebenseinstellung und Lebensweise ab. Deswegen breche ich dieses Phänomen gerne weiter für Glorreiche Sieben Schauspieler herunter. Er Traumhäuser Mediathek nichts zu verstecken und geniesst die relative Anonymität, eben noch kein Star zu sein. Die Möwe volkstheater münchen Theater. Speichern Abbruch. Nacktaufnahmen Nein Ja, teilweise Ja, komplett. Crazy Stupid Love. Stream durchgehende Nebenrolle. Tattoo Keine. Dorian Gray Volkstheater München. Oleg Tikhomirov Oleg Tikhomirov

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